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Ministry of Minority Affairs is the nodal ministry to conduct Haj pilgrimage in India.Haj pilgrimage for the Indian Pilgrims is conducted either through Haj Committee of India (HCoI), which is a statutory organization under the administrative control of Ministry of Minority Affairs or through the Private Tour Operators (PTOs).The quota of pilgrims is divided between Haj Committee of India (HCOI) and Private Tour Operators (PTOs).For Haj 2017, the annual quota of India was 1,70,025 pilgrims. In which, 1,24,940 Indian Hajis performed Haj through Haj Committee of India (HCOI) & 45,000 through Private Tour Operators (PTOs). For Haj 2018, the annual quota of India has increased to 1,75,025 pilgrims which is 5000 more than previous year.
After Hajj 2002, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia made it mandatory for the PTOs to come through their respective Governments. Therefore, from the year 2002, the Government of India evolved a system under which private operators/ travel agents were registered as PTOs and following the registration were allocated quotas from the overall number of seats specified for PTOs.
Till the year 2012, the PTO Policy was formulated annually. However, in the year 2013, a five year PTO Policy for Haj 2013-17 was approved by Hon`ble Supreme Court of India. This Policy remained valid till Haj 2017.Based on the recommendations of Haj Policy Committee and the evidence based study conducted by IIT Delhi,Ministry framed the PTO Policies for Haj 2018 and subsequently for the next five years i.e. Haj 2019-23.